Top 10 endangered animals that are almost extinct in 2023

Top 10 Endangered Animals, Species, and Mammals Precariously Close to Extinction in 2023

Our planet’s biodiversity is under immense threat, with numerous species facing the brink of extinction. Human activities, such as habitat loss, poaching, and climate change, have driven these alarming declines, pushing countless animals to the edge of disappearing forever. Here, we delve into the top 10 endangered animals, species, and mammals that are critically close to extinction in 2023.

1. Vaquita (Phocoena sinus): The vaquita, also known as the Gulf of California porpoise, is the world’s smallest cetacean and one of the most endangered mammals on Earth. With an estimated population of only 10 individuals remaining, the vaquita is on the verge of disappearing due to entanglement in gillnets used for catching totoaba, a fish prized for its swim bladder in Chinese traditional medicine.


2. Amur Leopard (Panthera pardus orientalis): Native to the Russian Far East, the Amur leopard is the rarest big cat in the world, with only around 84 individuals left in the wild. Habitat loss due to logging and deforestation, along with poaching for their beautiful pelts, has severely decimated their population.

Amur Leopard

3. Black Rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis): Once widespread across Africa, black rhinos have been hunted to the brink of extinction for their valuable horns, used in traditional medicine and as a status symbol. With only around 5,500 individuals remaining, black rhinos are classified as Critically Endangered.

Black Rhinoceros

4. Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii): These majestic primates, found only on the Indonesian island of Sumatra, are facing a dire future due to habitat destruction for palm oil plantations and unsustainable logging practices. With an estimated population of only 14,600 individuals, Sumatran orangutans are critically endangered.

Sumatran Orangutan

5. Hawksbill Turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata): These marine turtles, renowned for their beautiful tortoiseshell patterns, are critically endangered due to habitat destruction, poaching for their shells, and entanglement in fishing gear. With an estimated global decline of over 80% in the past century, hawksbill turtles are on the precipice of extinction.

Hawksbill Turtle

6. Yangtze Finless Porpoise (Lipotes vexillifer): Endemic to the Yangtze River in China, the Yangtze Finless Porpoise is the world’s rarest river dolphin. With an estimated population of only 1,000 individuals, this unique species is critically endangered due to pollution, habitat destruction from dam construction, and entanglement in fishing nets.

Yangtze Finless Porpoise

7. Saola (Pseudoryx nghetinhensis): This elusive and rarely seen bovine, found in the Annamite Mountains of Laos and Vietnam, is one of the world’s most endangered mammals. With an estimated population of less than 100 individuals, the saola is threatened by habitat loss due to hunting and logging.


8. Black-capped Gibbon (Nomascus concolor): Native to Vietnam’s eastern forests, the black-capped gibbon is one of the rarest primates on Earth. With an estimated population of only 100-200 individuals, this critically endangered species is threatened by habitat loss due to deforestation and hunting.

Black-capped Gibbon

9. Northern White Rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum cottoni): With only two females left in existence, the northern white rhinoceros is the most critically endangered subspecies of rhinoceros. The species has been heavily poached for its horns, used in traditional medicine and as a status symbol.

Northern White Rhinoceros

10. Alagoas Curassow (Mitu Mitu): Endemic to the Atlantic Forest of Brazil, the Alagoas Curassow is a critically endangered bird with an estimated population of only 150-250 individuals. Habitat loss due to deforestation and hunting has pushed this species to the brink of extinction.

Alagoas Curassow

These ten endangered animals, species, and mammals represent just a fraction of the countless organisms facing the threat of extinction. As we continue to encroach upon their habitats, exploit them for our own purposes, and disrupt the delicate balance of the natural world, we push more and more species closer to the edge. It is our collective responsibility to protect these precious creatures, safeguard their habitats, and ensure their survival for future generations.